The choking rescue guidelines published by the American Heart Association ceased referring to "the Heimlich maneuver" and instead called the procedure "abdominal thrusts." The new guidelines stated that chest thrusts and back blows may also be effective treatments for choking.
In Spring 2006, the American Red Cross "downgraded" the use of the Heimlich maneuver, essentially returning to the pre-1986 guidelines. For conscious victims, the new guidelines (nicknamed "the five and five"), recommend first applying five back blows; if this method fails to remove the airway obstruction, rescuers were to then apply five abdominal thrusts. For unconscious victims, the new guidelines recommend chest thrusts, a method first recommended in a 1976 study by Charles Guildner whose results were duplicated in a year 2000 study by Audun Langhelle. The 2006 guidelines also eliminated the phrase "Heimlich maneuver" and replaced it with "abdominal thrust."
Heimlich's promotion of abdominal thrusts as a treatment for drowning has been dogged by allegations of case fraud. The 2005 drowning rescue guidelines of the American Heart Association did not include citations of Heimlich's work and warn against the use of the Heimlich maneuver for drowning rescue as unproven and dangerous, due to its risk of vomiting leading to aspiration.
In 2003 Heimlich's colleague Dr. Edward Patrick issued a press release stating he was the uncredited co-developer of the maneuver.
"I would like to get proper credit for what I've done," Patrick told me. "But I'm not hyper about it." Patrick's ex-wife Joy tells a different story: Whenever my kids would say "Heimlich maneuver," he would correct them and say, "Patrick maneuver."
Heimlich Flutter Valve
Heimlich is also the inventor of the flutter valve (also called the Heimlich valve). Heimlich invented the valve after seeing a Chinese soldier die from a bullet wound to the chest. The valve is designed to allow air and blood to drain from a collapsed lung.
Since the early 1980s, Heimlich has been an advocate of malariotherapy, the deliberate infection of a person with malaria in order to treat ailments such as cancer, Lyme disease and more recently, HIV. The treatments have to date been unsuccessful, and criticized for being both scientifically unsound and dangerous. The United States Food and Drug Administration and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have rejected malariotherapy and, along with health professionals and advocates for human rights, consider the practice "atrocious". Sources have disclosed that the Heimlich Institute, a subsidiary of Deaconess Associations of Cincinnati, is conducting malariotherapy trials in Ethiopia, though the Ethiopian Ministry of Health was unaware of any such trials. Heimlich claims that his initial test with a small number of subjects (seven total) have produced positive results, but he refuses to disclose the location of the trials. Funding for the research is drawn from private sources, and includes no institutional review board oversight.
Studies in Africa, where both HIV and malaria are common, indicate
that malaria/HIV co-infection increases viral load and that malaria
could increase the rate of spread of HIV as well as accelerating
disease progression. Based on such studies, Paul Farmer
at Harvard Medical School described the idea of treating HIV with
malaria by stating “it seems improbable. The places where malaria takes
its biggest toll are precisely those in which HIV reaps its grim
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