The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons says the following foot problems can result from wearing shoes that are too tight:
- Bunions.A bunion is when your big toe points toward the second toe. This causes a bump on the inside edge of your toe. Symptoms: Red,
calloused skin along the inside edge of the big toe.
- Calluses. A callus is a toughened area of skin which has become thick and hard in response to repeated friction, pressure, or other irritation. Calluses are generally not harmful, but may sometimes lead to other problems, such as skin ulceration or infection.
- Corns. A corn is a highly concentrated callus that occurs at a pressure point, such as the top of the toe or under a toe joint. Like calluses,corns are caused by repeated pressure or friction. Corns, like calluses, can be painful when they press on sensitive nerves in the surrounding skin, which may become red and inflamed.
- Hammertoes. A hammertoe is a contracture (bending) of one or both joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes. This abnormal bending can put pressure on the toe when wearing shoes, causing problems to develop. Hammertoes usually start out as mild deformities and get progressively worse over time. While the most common cause of hammertoe is a muscle/tendon imbalance that leads to a bending of the toe, a hammertoe may result if a toe is too long and is forced into a cramped position when a tight shoe is worn.
Avoidance of tight shoes is the single most significant action a person can take to avoid damage to the feet.
Our choice of shoes should not focus solely on style, fashion and our self image. Shoes should also be chosen based on health and need for comfort.
All these factors should be weighed and when painful foot problems develop, more consideration should be given to comfort than style.