The number of emergency department visits involving attention deficit /hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications more than doubled in 2010, and the seem to be continuing to rise.
Are Americans getting what they pay for when it comes to healthcare? Here are some ways to try to compare the value of healthcare vs. cost in the United States vs other developed nations.
A new study indicates that the more time you spend sitting, the higher your risk of developing chronic diseases.
Kansas State University researcher Richard Rosenkranz, assistant professor of human nutrition, examined the associations of sitting time and chronic diseases in middle-aged Australian males in a study that is published in the International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. Collaborators include University of Western Sydney researchers Emma George and Gregory Kolt.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is reviewing epidural steriod injections to treat neck pain and back pain following a warning by Bristol-Myers Squibb seven months ago that administering its Kenalog steroid around the spine could cause serious health complications.
Affordable health care may be out of reach for the young and healthy according to a recent survey of major health insurers by the conservative American Action Forum (AAF).
Regular aspirin use was associated with an elevated risk for neovascular age-related macular degeneration, independent of gender, smoking or a history of cardiovascular disease according an Australian study published in JAMA, the Journal of the American Medical Association.
An American Academy of Neurology Guideline finds that transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS), a widely used pain therapy device, is not recommended to treat chronic low-back pain that has persisted for three months or longer?because research shows it is not effective. The guideline is published in the December 30, 2009, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Back pain—both acute and chronic—is the second most common neurologic ailment in the United States, according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, and is the most common cause of job-related disability. About 60 percent of people with diabetes will develop neuropathy.
With TENS, a portable, pocket-sized unit applies a mild electrical current to the nerves through electrodes. TENS has been used for pain relief in various disorders for years. Researchers do not know how TENS may provide relief for pain. One theory is that nerves can only carry one signal at a time. The TENS stimulation may confuse the brain and block the real pain signal from getting through.
Research on TENS for chronic low-back pain has produced conflicting results. For the guideline, the authors reviewed all of the evidence for low-back pain lasting three months or longer. Acute low-back pain was not studied. The studies to date show that TENS does not help with chronic low-back pain.
All but one of the studies excluded people with known causes of low-back pain, such as obesity, a pinched nerve, severe spondylolisthesis (displacement of a backbone or vertebra) or severe scoliosis (curving of the spine). In the one study that looked at low-back pain associated with known conditions, TENS was not shown to be effective. The only specific neurologic cause of chronic low-back pain where TENS was studied was multiple sclerosis, and TENS was not shown to help.
“The strongest evidence showed that there is no benefit for people using TENS for chronic low-back pain,” said guideline author Richard M. Dubinsky, MD, MPH, of Kansas University Medical Center in Kansas City. “Doctors should use clinical judgment regarding TENS use for chronic low-back pain. People who are currently using TENS for their low-back pain should discuss these findings with their doctors.”
Dubinsky stated further that good evidence showed that TENS can be effective in treating diabetic nerve pain.
The proportion of U.S. adolescents with diabetes or borderline diabetes has jumped dramatically since the late 1990s, raising the possibility that this one out of four teens may face high rates of heart disease and other health complications as adults.
Spinal manipulation, often used by chiropractors and osteopaths, is no more effective than exercise, NSAIDs or other physical therapy to treat acute lower back pain according to recent review by The Cochrane Library finds no evidence to suggest it is more effective than other therapy options.of past studies on the effects of spinal manipulation for acute low back pain
Overweight or obese children and teens, girls in particular, are at risk for developing gallstones, according to a large cross-sectional study published in Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition.